The Old Writings

A difficult lesson to learn and even harder to put into practice, but important to do so. Do not read historical documents, especially those of a religious nature, from your current point of view. We all are the sum total in our thinking of the influences of others up until our own time. Many battles have been waged in that time. Many refinements in expression have occurred as a result. Seek to view the old writings in the context of their day, with the understanding of those in that day. Above all, be charitable when reading them and respectful. Many of the old brethren, our predecessors in the faith, sacrificed everything for the cause of Christ.

For Whom Did Christ Die?

John Owen

The Father imposed His wrath due unto, and the Son underwent punishment for, either:

All the sins of all men.

All the sins of some men, or

Some of the sins of all men.

In which case it may be said:

That if the last be true, all men have some sins to answer for, and so, none are saved.

That if the second be true, then Christ, in their stead suffered for all the sins of all the elect in the whole world, and this is the truth.

But if the first be the case, why are not all men free from the punishment due unto their sins?

You answer, “Because of unbelief.”

I ask, Is this unbelief a sin, or is it not? If it be, then Christ suffered the punishment due unto it, or He did not. If He did, why must that hinder them more than their other sins for which He died? If He did not, He did not die for all their sins!”